Installation of "Centos 8"

    Chandan Singh
    By Chandan Singh
    Installation of "Centos 8"

    CentOS 8 has finally been released! The new version, which is a community version of RHEL 8, ships with new and exciting features that promise an enhanced user experience

     

     

    Installing CentOS 8 is pretty much like installing the earlier versions of CentOS 7.x with only slight variations in the UI of the installer.

     

    Prerequisites

    Before you begin, perform a flight check and ensure you have the following:

    1. Download CentOS 8 DVD ISO Image.
    1. Create a bootable instance of CentOS 8 USB drive or DVD using Rufus tool.
    2. A system with a minimum of 8GB Hard disk space and 2 GB for optimal performance.
    3. A good internet connection.

    Let’s dive in and see how to install CentOS 8.

     

    Step 1: Insert the CentOS 8 Bootable Installation Media

     

    1. With your PC turned on, plug in your bootable USB drive or insert the CentOS 8 DVD medium and reboot. Make sure to change the boot order in your BIOS settings in order to boot from your preferred boot medium.

    The boot screen will be displayed as shown below. Select the first option ‘Install CentOS 8.0.1905’ and Hit ‘ENTER‘.

     

    2. Boot messages will follow thereafter as shown.

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    Step 2: Select CentOs 8 Installation Language

    3. On the ‘Welcome Screen’, choose your preferred installation language and click ‘Continue’.

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    Step 3: Installation Summary of CentOS 8

    4. On the next screen, an installation summary will be displayed presenting all the options that need to be configured as shown. We will configure each of these options in turn.

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    Step 4: Configure Keyboard

    5. Click on the keyboard option as shown to configure the keyboard.

     

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    6. By default, the keyboard layout is in English (US). At the right Text field, you can type a few words to verify that all is well, and you can type without any glitches with the current layout.

    To add a new keyboard layout, click the [+] button at the bottom left of the screen. Next, click ‘Done’ to return to the main menu.

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    Step 5: Configure Language

    7. Click on the ‘Language Support‘ option.

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    8. Select your preferred language and click ‘Done‘ on the top left corner of the window to go back to the main menu.

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    Step 6: Configure Time and Date

    9. Next, click on the ‘Time and Date‘ option.

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    10. Click on the map as shown to configure the time and date settings based on your location on earth. Also, note the Region and City will automatically be set depending on where you click on the map.

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    Step 7: Configure Installation Source

    11. Back to the main menu click on the ‘Installation Source’ option.

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    12. Here, you need not do much because the installation source points to the installation medium which is auto-detected. Click ‘Done’ to head back to the main menu.

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    Step 8: Software Selection

    13. Next, click on ‘Software Selection’.

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    14. In the next Window, you will be presented with 6 options from which you can select your Base environment and a vast array of Software add-ons which are shipped with respective base environments.

    we have chosen to go with ‘Server with GUI’ base environment and chosen a few Add-Ons such as Windows File server, FTP server, Debugging tools and a Mail server.

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    Step 9: Installation Destination

    15. On the main menu, click on the next option which is ‘Installation Destination’.

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    In this section, you will determine where to install CentOS 8 and configure the mount points. By default, the installer auto-detects your hard drives and selects the automatic partitioning option. For the first time installation we will select automatic partition .

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    17. If you want to manually configure your own partitions, click on the ‘Custom’ option as shown.

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    18. This takes you the ‘MANUAL PARTITIONING’ window. To make your life easy, click on the ‘Click here to create them automatically’ link.

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    19. The mount points will be intelligently created by the installer as shown.

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    satisfied with the results, click on ‘Done’.

     

    20. A ‘summary of the changes’ will be displayed as shown below. If all seems good, click on ‘Accept Changes’. To cancel and go back, click on ‘Cancel & Return to Custom Partitioning’.

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    Step 10: KDUMP Selection

    21. Next, click on ‘KDUMP‘ as shown.

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    22. Kdump is a utility that dumps system crash information for analysis in order to determine the cause of system failure. The default settings are good enough, so it is safe to simply click on the ‘Done’ button to return to the Home Menu.

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    Step 11: Set Network and Hostname

    23. Back to the main menu, click on the ‘Network and Hostname’ settings option.

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    24. The NETWORK & HOSTNAME section displays the active network interfaces on your PC. In this case, the active interface is enp0s3.

    If you are in a network running DHCP, flip on the switch at the far right for your network interface to automatically acquire an IP address.

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    25. If your network is not running a DHCP server, click on the ‘Configure’ button.

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    26. This shows you the section below. Click on IPv4 option and select Manual IP on the drop-down list. Next click on the ‘Add’ button and key in your preferred IP address, subnet mask, and Default gateway. Be sure to also provide the DNS server details. Finally, click on ‘Save’ to save the changes.

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    27. To set the hostname, head out to the bottom left corner and define your own hostname.

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    Step 12: Begin the CentOS 8 Installation

    28. Having configured all the options, click on ‘Begin the installation’ to commence the installation process.

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    29. The next screen will prompt you to configure USER SETTINGS as shown.

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    Set Root User Password

    30. Click on ‘Root Password’ to configure the root password. Remember to set a strong password and ensure the password strength check indicates ‘Strong’. Click on ‘Done’ to save the changes.

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    Create New User Account

    31. Next, click on ‘User Creation’ to create a regular system user.

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    32. Provide your preferred name and, again, provide a strong password for the regular system user. Click ‘Done’ to save the regular user.

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    Step 13: CentOS 8 Installation Process

    33. The installer will proceed to install the selected CentOS 8 packages, dependencies, and the grub bootloader. This process takes a while depending on systems configuration.

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    34. Finally, if all went well, you will get the notification below that the installation was successful. Click on the ‘Reboot’ button to restart and boot into your new system.

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    Step 14: Boot and Accept License Agreement

    35. Upon rebooting, select the first option on the grub menu as shown.

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    36. You will be required to Accept the License information as shown.

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    37. Click on the ‘License Information’ option and check the ‘I Accept the license agreement’ checkbox.

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    38. Finally, click on ‘FINISH CONFIGURATION‘ to wind up the installation process and log in to your new CentOS 8 system

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    39. Once logged in, follow the post installation step and on the final section click on Start using CentOS Linux option.

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    40. CentOS 8 comes with a beautiful new GNOME desktop as shown

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    Congratulation! You have now successfully installed the last version of CentOS 8 on your bare new machine.